Expansion of Higher Education Sector in India

Government has taken various steps for expansion and improving quality of higher education during the XI Five Year Plan, which include setting up of 15 new Central Universities, including conversion of 3 States Universities into Central Universities.

8 new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), 7 new Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), 5 new Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (IISERs), 2 new schools of Planning & Architecture (SPAs), 10 new National Institutes of Technology (NITs), 20 new Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode and 374 Model Colleges in Educationally Backward Districts.

For quality enhancement, several initiatives have been taken viz. National Mission on Education through Information Communication and Technology, Examination Reforms, increasing Research Fellowships, Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP). Mandatory Accreditation of Higher Educational Institutions, setting up Educational Tribunals, Prohibition of Unfair Practices in Higher & Technical institutions, foreign education providers, setting up National Commission on Higher Education and Research (NCHER) are some of the legislative proposals for improving quality of higher education. In addition, setting up of Innovation Universities, incentivizing State Universities and Colleges are some of other measures for improving quality. NET/SET qualifications have been laid down for improving quality of faculty.

As quoted by Minister of State for Human Resource Development Smt. D. Purandeswari.

Source: Press Information Bureau

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